20 August 2014

Pint-sized Heroes 未夠秤



They used to live in the same residential complex, attend the same school and ride the same bus every morning. They both grew up in devout Christian families and were taught to take an interest in society.

But 17-year-old Joshua Wong Chi-fung (黃之鋒) and 20-year-old Ma Wan-ki (馬雲祺) – better known as Ma Jai (馬仔) – can’t be more different from each other. Joshua is a household name and his spectacled face has appeared on every magazine cover. He is self-assured, media savvy and can slice you up with his words. Ma Jai? Not so much. He gets tongue-tied behind the microphone and fidgety in front of the camera. He is a foot soldier who gets up at the crack of dawn to set up street booths and spends all day handing out flyers for someone else’s election campaign.

Lessons in Dissent by Matthew Torne


The two young men were the subject of a recent documentary by first time British director Matthew Torne. Lessons in Dissent (《未夠秤》), an official selection at this year’s Hong Kong International Film Festival, centers around the “Moral and National Education” (MNE) controversy in 2012 that drew hundreds of thousands of protestors to the streets. The watershed moment jolted citizens out of their political apathy and taught them that social movements, if properly run, can bring about real policy changes. For if it weren’t for activists like Joshua and Ma Jai, students today would have been sitting in MNE classes and learning how to praise the Communist Party and why they should guard against Western-style democracy.


Boy wonder

Joshua is a pint-sized force of nature to reckon with. He was just 14 when he founded Scholarism (學民思潮) to promote civic participation among the youths. In the fateful summer of 2012, the self-described “middle class kid” mobilized scores of like-minded teenagers and staged a nine-day sit-in and hungry strike at the government headquarters demanding MNE be scrapped. It was his charisma and tenacity that captured the imagination of his peers, inspired many more and eventually cowered C.Y. Leung into retracting the curriculum. Since then, the 17-year-old has been using his new-found fame to fight an even bigger cause: universal suffrage. In the recent Occupy Central poll on electoral reform, Scholarism and its ally, the Hong Kong Federation of Students (HKFS; 學聯) put forward one of the three proposals on the ballot. Over 300,000 citizens (nearly 40% of those who voted) sided with the students in the end. There is little doubt that Joshua has already earned a seat at the table next to heavyweights like Anson Chan, Benny Tai and Emily Lau.

Joshua Wong takes the lead


Joshua loves the media, and the media love him even more. On any given day, the school boy may start the morning with a telephone interview with The Times, meet the camera crew of a Dutch television network before lunch and finish a 1,500-word op-ed piece for The Apple Daily by sundown. He carries an iPad to keep track of his back-to-back appointments and taps his stylus on the smart phone screen at a frightening speed. While his friends are busy playing video games, Joshua is debunking political myths on radio talk shows or challenging the establishment on televised debates. “I was in Form 2 [eighth grade] when I started. No one else has ever done what I did.” said Joshua. It wasnt arrogance; its simply a fact. The teenage boy is a prodigy, a savant and a Hollywood child star wrapped into one.

But there is always something sad about Hollywood child stars. All that media exposure has taken away Joshua’s adolescence and his chance at a normal life. He runs on so much adrenaline that he comes off as robotic, if not altogether possessed. Being a public figure has also hurt his public exam results and dashed his hopes to attend a more sought-after university. Notwithstanding these sacrifices, he wouldn’t have it any other way. “So far the benefits have outweighed the costs,” he explained. “I’ve experienced so much and made so many connections within a very short time.” Still, fame can be a double-edged sword. Joshua feels the weight of the city on his shoulders, and that the future of democracy depends on him. Although not a big Spider-man fan, he remembers what Uncle Ben told Peter Parker about power and responsibility.


In a few weeks, Joshua will begin his freshman year at Open University. When asked if he was excited about starting a new chapter, he shrugged, “I don’t think I’ll be going to class much.” Here’s why. The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (全國人大) will convene in Beijing next week to discuss, among other things, the nomination procedure for the 2017 chief executive election. Whatever conclusion reached by the Standing Committee is expected to involve some mechanics to pre-screen candidates. As soon as Beijing throws down the gauntlet, Scholarism and the HKFS will fire the first shot of the Occupy Central movement by staging a student strike across all ten universities in the city. “We need to respond swiftly with action. Civil disobedience is the only means to achieving full democracy,” said Joshua, sounding more like Mahatma Gandhi than a freshman-in-waiting

The media love him


The other kid

Ma Jai was 16 when he was bitten by the social activism bug. In January 2010, he joined hundreds of students to besiege the Legislative Council to protest against the cross-border high speed rail link (廣深港高速鐵路), a wasteful pork barrel project that threatened to displace thousands of villagers in the New Territories. The movement opened his eyes to social injustice and political oppression. Armed with a new sense of purpose, the high school drop-out joined the League of Social Democrats (LSD; 社民線) – LongHair’s party – in 2011 and has been working there as a campaigner ever since.

Ma Jai represents the vast majority of social activists who work quietly behind the scenes. A typical day involves making banners and placards, phoning up social organizations and notifying reporters about upcoming events. He and his fellow LSD staff go in and out of courtrooms and police stations like they were public parks. If he isn’t bailing out another party member, he’ll be giving a statement to the police for an alleged illegal assembly. The work isn’t glamorous, but someone’s got to do it. That’s why Ma Jai felt uneasy about sharing top billing with Joshua in the British documentary. “I’m not famous and I don’t want to be famous,” he said. “I am just a cog in the wheel.”

Ma Jai is used to arrests



But activism isn’t only about banners and telephone calls. In 2013, Ma Jai was arrested for desecrating the city’s flag – a criminal offense in Hong Kong – and spent two days in a holding cell while waiting for an arraignment. He has had other brushes with the law. “I have two criminal records. Or is it three?” he couldn’t tell me for sure. Like a true revolutionary, he shrugs off convictions and considers them a badge of honor. He wears Che Guevara on his chest and has Karl Marx and Leon Trotsky on his lips. And when he is not fighting for universal suffrage or an old age pension scheme for all, he is speaking out for foreign domestic workers and new immigrants from Mainland China – groups that have long been considered politically toxic. “That’s why I belong here with LSD. We don’t compromise our beliefs for votes,” he said.

As for Occupy Central, Ma Jai and his comrades are ready for battle. All hands are now on deck to back up Scholarism’s citywide student strike in September and to occupy the financial district as early as October. Despite its reputation for being a lone wolf, LSD has little choice but to take its cue from other political parties. “We are not big enough to occupy Central on our own,” Ma Jai admitted. “We are counting on the rest of the pan-democrats to do the right thing.” He heaved a sigh, as he rolled a cigarette from a pouch of loose tobacco and lit it up.

*                   *                   *

Happy to be in the background

I attended a screening of Lessons in Dissent at the Hong Kong Art Centre last Thursday. During the Q&A session after the show, one of the members of the audience shared her reaction to the film. “I moved here from the Mainland 10 years ago,” the 50-something woman said. “I like Hong Kong because I can speak my mind here without having to look over my shoulder.” She then turned to the film's two protagonists and said, “I don't want this place to turn into another Chinese city. We need you, both of you, to make sure that  doesn’t happen.” The woman was right. The future of Hong Kong rides on star leaders like Joshua  and unsung heroes like Ma Jai – not one or the other but both. We need thousands more like them.

For future screenings of Lessons in Dissent, visit www.facebook.com/lessonsindissentmovie.


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This article appears on SCMP.com under the title "In political activism, good things come in small packages."

As posted on SCMP.com

3 comments:

  1. Tragic.

    Martin Luther King, PhD., Gandhi and Mandela both trained lawyers.

    You can't be serious that you expect people in hk to follow a ou student who isn't even going to be attending classes.

    The fact that the media is fascinated is beside the point, the fickle media has the attention span of a goldfish. lets see if they remain interested when he turns into a mini-long hair.

    Chung

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    Replies



    1. To: Chung

      Tragic?

      Were either Mao Tse-Tung or Chiang Kai-Shek a lawyer?

      For that matter, was Che Guevara a lawyer?

      The American politicians sitting in the United States' legislature, the US Senate and Congress, are mostly trained lawyers. If you are familiar with US and world politics, you don't need me to tell you what a whole bunch of lawyers can do to their country and the world at large these days.

      Speaking of "Long-Hair", I am sure he is not your cup of tea. But from the past election results, it is obvious that he has many supporters and fans. That is the beauty of democracy or a resemble of democracy in our case.

      What is tragic is that we have no courage to question and to fight for change when we are in the spring of our years and change is desperately needed.




      From: Mo Ming See




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  2. Needless to say, Joshua and Ma Jai are already claimed heroes in their own rights to many HongKongers, not only among youth with strong civic minds but also those professionals/academics in law, journalistic and politics. Indeed, their power of attraction/attention is beyond measured. I personally salute them for taking such a lead at their tender age, despite what others might think, mock or say against them.

    I have seen a few TV interviews lately where many seasoned and renown lawyers have spoken out on Joshua of his sharp instinct, will/memory power and logical thinking in analyzing and putting his case forward on controversial issues. They were simply amazed at his talents and knowledge to think through so fast, coupled with clear visions, missions and goals set in his mind. They even praised him as better, in many ways, than many lawyers in their profession. So, to this end, I would not think that it is always necessary of people who are highly learned or have PhD etc. to be in a better position to be effective leaders or niche heroes. In this particular case, I would also not agree that the blind is leading the blind when we as reasonable people of Hong Kong can clearly see and rationalize what is happening right before our eyes and what response these strong-willed aspiring youth are carrying out in their work objectives to see us through - definitely not to hell.

    Civil disobedience is not a sin - a calculative criminal activity used as a last resort to counter when all other efforts become exhausted and futile. It can be carried out with love and in a peaceful manner. History has had many examples with short term losses and long term gains.

    Hong Kong is currently writing a new chapter in its history on political reforms and development. I agree with Mo Ming See that we need more Long Hair, Joshua and Ma Jai to make a difference to counter/challenge the status quo and the establishment. The more of these heroes the better.

    Hopefully, they and many other unsung heroes will be successful to put a mark in our records of struggles for a better tomorrow in Hong Kong.

    ReplyDelete